History of Fthiotida
The Prefecture of Fthiotida is located at N.D. of the Region of Sterea Hellas and has the capital of Lamia. It borders north with the prefectures of Magnesia, Larissa and Karditsa, westwards with the prefecture of Evrytania, south with the prefectures of Phocis, Viotia and Aitoloakarnania, while eastwards it is covered by Evoikos and the Maliakos Gulf.
Fthiotida is the center of Greece and thus the natural passage from the north to the south and conversely. Because of the importance of its position, many historical and mythical events have been held here, which have shaped the history of the ancient Greeks. Gods, demigods, heroes and fighters, barbarian and allied tribes inspired and stamped the place. The archaeological finds and the historical sites of the prefecture are evidences of the living civilization that has been survived until now.
The name “Fthiotida” comes from the word Φθία or Φθίη (Ionic), as it was called in antiquity one of the biggest cities of ancient Thessaly. It was named Φθία either from Fthia, the wife of Amyndoras, the king of Ormenio, who gave birth to Achaeus, or from Pithios, son of Poseidon and Larissa, daughter of Pelasgou. Fthia constituted the kingdom of Deucalion, the Greek, Peleus and Achilles, and the cradle of the Proto-Hellenes. It is said that is somewhere between Farsala, the estuary of Sperchios and Kremasti Larissa. Sperchios River is a key indicator of Fthia’s location. Homer often mentions the importance of Sperchius, implying his position as a god-river, for example when Peleas runs on the Sperchios River to offer his son’s hairs if he did not come back from Troy.